By Toby Seddon
'A heritage of gear' information the heritage of the connection among medications and freedom over the past 2 hundred years; hence stressful and unravelling the 'naturalness' of the 'drug question', because it strains the a number of and heterogeneous traces of improvement out of which it's been assembled. creation : medications, freedom and liberalism -- A conceptual map : freedom, the "will" and habit -- Opium, law and classical liberalism : the drugstore act 1868 -- medicinal drugs, prohibition and welfarism : the harmful medications act 1920 -- medications, hazard and neo-liberalism : the medicine act 2005 -- medications as a rules and governance challenge -- Conclusions : medicinal drugs and freedom within the liberal age
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Additional info for A history of drugs : drugs and freedom in the liberal age
In other words, laissez-faire as a governmental method is not merely a form of ‘passive abstentionism’ (Gordon, 1991: 17) but also has an active and enabling character. It is a ‘way of acting, as well as a way of not acting’ (Gordon, 1991: 17), an idea that resonates with Polanyi’s famous thesis about the ‘planned’ nature of laissez-faire in The Great Transformation (Polanyi, 1944). As Rose (1999: 67) notes, this ‘double-edged character of freedom’ is also what troubled Isaiah Berlin in his famous 1958 lecture on ‘Two concepts of liberty’.
Each transposed the profane calculus of the marketplace into the sacred and invaluable sphere of human life. Moreover, by treating … human life itself as an object of commerce, both slavery and gambling on lives denied to their subjects the primary article of ownership assumed in any Lockean political compact: possession of the self. It was therefore to an emerging consciousness of the problematic 40 A History of Drugs relationship between economic and political liberty that the eighteenthcentury insurance ‘imaginary’ owed its demise.
It came to be viewed as one speciﬁc instance or example of a character defect requiring special intervention for affected individuals. Garland (1985: 217–18) describes the establishment of inebriate reformatories under the Inebriates Act of 1898 which enabled a 28 A History of Drugs new way of dealing with ‘habitual drunkards’ by providing for their detention in these new institutions for the speciﬁc purpose of treatment and reform (see also Johnstone, 1996). He notes how this model of ‘special treatment’ for a criminogenic disorder provided a blueprint for subsequent measures targeted at a range of other groups, including vagrants and the ‘feeble-minded’ (1985: 218).
A history of drugs : drugs and freedom in the liberal age by Toby Seddon