By M. C. Ricklefs
This booklet is a complete introductory textual content at the background of Indonesia because the arrival of Islam ca.1300 to the current day. an important narrative of political heritage is supplied including information of social, cultural and fiscal affairs. Emphasis is given to the historical past of the Indonesian humans themselves opposed to the historical past of the formation of the Indonesian country by way of an amalgamation of various yet comparable ethnic groups. the entire interval because the coming of Islam is surveyed with specific cognizance to significant impacts reminiscent of: the unfold of Islam; cultural traditions; Dutch colonisation; Islamic revivalism; anti-colonialism and independence. This publication will help the intense learn of the prior and current of a country that is the main populous of Southeast Asia and of the Islamic international, an immense oil manufacturer and but one of many poorest international locations in the world. during this, the second one version, Professor Ricklefs comprises extra historiography and appropriate evidence because the book's first ebook in 1981, bringing his historical past of Indonesia thoroughly up to date.
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Additional info for A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1300
Europe was not the most advanced area of the world at the start of the fifteenth century. Nor was it the most dynamic. The major expanding force in the world was Islam; in 1453 the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople, and at the eastern end of the Islamic world the faith was spreading in Indonesia and the Philippines. But the Europeans, and especially the Portuguese, were making certain technological advances which would launch the Portuguese nation on one of the most daring overseas adventures of all time.
Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa - Timar, Sumba: sandalwood from the latter areas; exchanged for coarse Indian and Javanese textiles. Timar, Sumba - Maluku: nutmeg, clove and mace from Maluku (the 'Spice Islands'); exchanged for coarse Sumbawan textiles,Javanese cash and Indian trinkets. java and Malacca - South Kalimantan: foodstuffs, diamonds, gold, camphor; exchanged for Indian textiles. South Sulawesi - Malacca, java, Brunei, Siam, Malay Peninsula: slaves, rice and gold from Makasar were traded directly by the Bugis for Indian textiles, benzoin, etc.
With allies from the sea-people (orang laut), the wandering protoMalay privateers of the Straits, he proceeded to establish Malacca as a major international port by compelling passing ships to call there, and establishing fair and reliable facilities for warehousing and trade. Malacca was probably the purest example of an Indonesian entrepot state, for it had no significant products of its own; indeed, it had to import food to feed its populace. It quickly became an enormously successful port, for it had a stranglehold on the Straits, one of the most crucial stages of the international trade system which reached from China and Maluku in the east to East Africa and the Mediterranean in the west.
A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1300 by M. C. Ricklefs