Bernard E. Harcourt's Against Prediction: Profiling, Policing, and Punishing in an PDF

By Bernard E. Harcourt

ISBN-10: 0226316149

ISBN-13: 9780226316147

From regimen safety assessments at airports to using probability evaluation in sentencing, actuarial equipment are getting used greater than ever to figure out whom police officers objective and punish. And aside from racial profiling on our highways and streets, most folks want those tools simply because they think they’re a less costly solution to struggle crime.In opposed to Prediction, Bernard E. Harcourt demanding situations this growing to be reliance on actuarial equipment. those prediction instruments, he demonstrates, might in reality raise the final volume of crime in society, counting on the relative responsiveness of the profiled populations to heightened protection. they might additionally worsen the problems that minorities have already got acquiring paintings, schooling, and a greater caliber of life—thus perpetuating the development of felony habit. finally, Harcourt indicates how the perceived luck of actuarial tools has started to distort our very belief of simply punishment and to imprecise trade visions of social order. as opposed to the actuarial, he proposes as a substitute a flip to randomization in punishment and policing. The presumption, Harcourt concludes, might be opposed to prediction. (20060828)

Show description

Read or Download Against Prediction: Profiling, Policing, and Punishing in an Actuarial Age PDF

Similar criminology books

Dirty Business: The Unchecked Power of Major Accountancy - download pdf or read online

. .. in the home of Commons with co-author Austin Mitchell MP. The booklet is billed as a devastating critique of the “Big Five” accountancy organisations and the pro our bodies that control them. ”In it, we'll exhibit how the massive 5 accountancy agencies function cartels, launder funds, impede enquiries and perform bribery at a world point.

Read e-book online Bandits PDF

BANDITS is a examine of the social bandit or bandit-rebel - robbers and outlaws who're no longer appeared by means of public opinion as basic criminals, yet quite as champions of social justice, as avengers or as primitive resistance combatants. even if Balkan haiduks, Indian dacoits or Brazilian congaceiros, their incredible exploits were celebrated and preserved in tale and fable.

Download e-book for kindle: The Crime Drop in America by Alfred Blumstein, Joel Wallman

Violent crime in the United States shot up sharply within the mid-1980s and endured to climb till 1991, and then whatever unheard of happened. The crime point declined to a degree no longer obvious because the Nineteen Sixties. This revised variation of The Crime Drop in the US focuses first at the dramatic drop in crime charges in the United States within the Nineties, after which, in a brand new epilogue, at the styles given that 2000.

Mastering Psychology - download pdf or read online

Perfect for A/AS-level, BTEC, extra and grownup schooling classes, advent to levels. This finished ebook covers a swiftly altering topic and gives the foundation for knowing either the theories and useful points of the topic. This moment version has been totally revised to include suggestions on featuring useful paintings, the psychology of labor and using information in psychology.

Additional info for Against Prediction: Profiling, Policing, and Punishing in an Actuarial Age

Sample text

In the policing context—that of racial profiling, the IRS Discriminant Index Function, or drug-courier profiles—the actuarial tends to focus on predicting the past or present criminal behavior of a group in order to determine a criminal justice outcome, such as whether to search, audit, or investigate. In contrast, in the sentencing context—that of parole prediction, sentencing guidelines, or selective incapacitation—the actuarial methods tend to focus on predicting the future criminal behavior of a group in order to determine a criminal justice outcome, such as whether to parole or how long to sentence.

The last quarter of the twentieth century witnessed an exponential increase in the number of persons in federal and state prisons and local jails, and under federal and state supervision. Federal and state prison populations nationwide grew from less than 200,000 in 1970 to more than 1,300,000 in 2001 with another 630,000 persons held in local jails. 64 In discussing the benefits of incapacitation, then, it is crucial to differentiate between this massive social investment in prisons and the more ordinary, minor incapacitation effects flowing from the mere shift in resource allocation associated with the use of actuarial methods in parole or sentencing.

A]lthough Victorian prisons exhibited a close and detailed form of discipline or ‘dressage,’ they did not manifest a concern with individualisation. 19 The range of sanctions was expanded to include probation and various types of reformatory institutions, and new agencies were created to administer these forms of correction. The objectives of the penal system diversified, and there developed “a general objective . . ” 20 Psychiatric and medical judgments were allowed to inform these processes.

Download PDF sample

Against Prediction: Profiling, Policing, and Punishing in an Actuarial Age by Bernard E. Harcourt


by William
4.2

Rated 4.18 of 5 – based on 39 votes

About admin