By WHO Regional Office for Europe
Moment variation The ebook presents air caliber instructions for 35 components understand to give a contribution to the matter of pollution in Europe. during this moment variation, the booklet has been significantly up-to-date and extended based on new learn findings and advances within the technique of probability evaluate. guide values, that have been revised in a sequence of specialist consultations, are meant to function a foundation for the institution of nationwide criteria and different keep watch over measures had to protect public overall healthiness.
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Additional resources for Air Quality Guidelines for Europe 2nd edition (WHO Regional Publications. European Series)
Separate consideration is given to risk estimates for asbestos (Table 5) and radon daughters (Table 6) because they refer to different physical units, and the risk estimates are indicated in the form of ranges. Risk estimation for residential radon exposure has often been based on extrapolation of findings in underground miners. Several circumstances, however, make such estimates uncertain for the general population: exposure to other factors in the mines; differences in age and sex; size distribution of aerosols; the attached fraction of radon progeny; breathing rate; and 38 chapter 3 Table 5.
New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1985. 14. Health assessment document for nickel. Research Triangle Park, NC, US Environmental Protection Agency, 1985 (Final Report No. EPA-600/ 8-83-12F). 15. L. ET AL. Quantitative approaches in use to assess cancer risk. Risk analysis, 3: 277–295 (1983). 16. NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL. Drinking water and health. Washington, DC, National Academy Press, 1977. 17. Risk assessment and risk management of toxic substances. A report to the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services.
Many uncertainties still remain, particularly regarding the ecological effects of pollutants, and therefore efforts should be continued to maintain air quality at the best possible level. GUIDELINE VALUES BASED ON NON-CANCER EFFECTS OTHER THAN CANCER The guideline values for individual substances based on effects other than cancer and annoyance from odour are given in Table 2. The emphasis in the guidelines is placed on exposure, since this is the element that can be controlled to lessen dose and hence lessen the consequent health effect.
Air Quality Guidelines for Europe 2nd edition (WHO Regional Publications. European Series) by WHO Regional Office for Europe