By Asle Toje
This publication presents a provocative research of family members among Europe and the US in the course of the tempestuous years 1998-2004. Analysing ecu international coverage, it concludes that the teachings learnt in interacting with the US were the most important in shaping the rising european strategic tradition. The booklet demanding situations demonstrated orthodoxy concerning the sui generis nature of the eu Union. via exact case-studies, it exhibits how the united states motivated judgements throughout the adolescence of the ecu overseas and safeguard coverage: throughout the 1999 Kosovo warfare, the ecu and NATO expansion techniques, and the 2003 Iraq drawback. even though, the e-book argues that even if coverage ends might be lead through the united states, the european is becoming more and more convinced in making a choice on distinctively ‘European’ potential to accomplish those targets. those findings have vital implications for knowing either the ecu as a international coverage actor and of the EU-US partnership initially of the twenty first century.
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Additional info for America, the EU and Strategic Culture: Transatlantic Security Relations after the Cold War (Contemporary Security Studies)
The foreign policy during his first term in office was characterised by a notion of flexibility derived from unrivalled power. This meant shifting away from the concept of a balance of power while putting up for review the ideological baggage of the Cold War, some of the rigidities of the international system, and some allegiance to existing alliances. In 1969 Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had remarked: “We have sought to combine a supranational Europe with a closely integrated Atlantic Community under American leadership.
A large permanent military presence in the region signified a new level of American commitment. 4 The politico-military relations of the transatlantic double bargain were first fashioned under the Vandenberg Resolution (1948), the Brussels Treaty (1948) and the North Atlantic Treaty (1949). It is important to note that The transatlantic bargain 23 these initiatives were encouraged as much by Europe as by America. Under the original transatlantic bargain the United States would contribute to the defence of Europe and to the region’s economic recovery from the destruction of the war on the condition that the Europeans would unite in the effort to defend against the Soviet threat and use the economic aid effectively.
The case of the EU is popular with academics who are interested in studying the ways in which membership of an international organisation can change national interests. 58 Michael E. 59 This process has traditionally been most pronounced in the “heartland” of the six founding members and has not only helped to quell nationalism, but also to nurture an embryonic European identity. Much of the literature on this topic is concerned with how national preferences are transformed into a common EU interest.
America, the EU and Strategic Culture: Transatlantic Security Relations after the Cold War (Contemporary Security Studies) by Asle Toje